Cannot debug locally in Visual Studio with Docker support and Visual Studio provided SQL Server, docker, localdb, sql-server

I have a ASP.NET 5.0 Web API using Entity Framework to access SQL Server.
Running (F5) from Visual Studio works fine. The connection string is Server=(localDB)MSSQLLocalDB;Database=***;Integrated Security=true

I then add docker support. Now if I debug the app with the Docker profile I get a System.PlatformNotSupportedException: LocalDB is not supported on this platform.

What should I do to make it work?

Source: Docker Questions