How to run cached Docker image in Github Action?

  docker, github-actions, image-caching

I don’t know how to run a cached Docker image in Github Actions.
I’ve followed a tutorial about Publishing Docker images to implement a task that would cache, build and push Docker image to a DockerHub.
I need to build, cache and run the image, the image publishing is optional.
Here is the Github Actions workflow:

name: CI

# Controls when the action will run. 
on:
  # Triggers the workflow on push or pull request events but only for the master branch
  push:
    branches: [ master ]
  pull_request:
    branches: [ master ]

  # Allows you to run this workflow manually from the Actions tab
  workflow_dispatch:

# A workflow run is made up of one or more jobs that can run sequentially or in parallel
jobs:
  # This workflow contains a single job called "build"
  build:
    # The type of runner that the job will run on
    runs-on: ubuntu-latest

    # Steps represent a sequence of tasks that will be executed as part of the job
    steps:
      # Checks-out your repository under $GITHUB_WORKSPACE, so your job can access it
      - name: Check Out Repo
        uses: actions/[email protected]
        with:
          fetch-depth: 0

      - name: Set up Docker Buildx
        id: buildx
        uses: docker/[email protected] 

      - name: Cache Docker layers
        uses: actions/[email protected]
        with:
          path: /tmp/.buildx-cache
          key: ${{ runner.os }}-buildx-${{ github.sha }}
          restore-keys: |
            ${{ runner.os }}-buildx-

      - name: Login to Docker Hub
        uses: docker/[email protected]
        with: 
          username: ${{ secrets.DOCKER_HUB_USERNAME }}
          password: ${{ secrets.DOCKER_HUB_ACCESS_TOKEN }}

      - name: Build and push
        id: docker_build
        uses: docker/[email protected]
        with:
          context: ./
          file: ./Dockerfile
          builder: ${{ steps.buildx.outputs.name }}
          push: true
          tags: ivan123123/c_matrix_library:latest
          cache-from: type=local,src=/tmp/.buildx-cache
          cache-to: type=local,dest=/tmp/.buildx-cache

      #- name: Run Docker container
      #  run: ???

      # Upload gcovr code coverage report
      - name: Upload GCC Code Coverage Report
        uses: actions/[email protected]
        with:
          name: coveragereport
          path: ./builddir/meson-logs/coveragereport/
        
      - name: Upload code coverage reports to codecov.io page
        run: bash <(curl -s https://codecov.io/bash) 

Source: Docker Questions

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