executable .exe file inside container runtime without generating dockerfile

I wanted to know if its possible to run an executable file ie a .exe file inside container runtime without creating a dockerfile.
I know it can be done using dockerfile using following

  FROM ubuntu
    MAINTAINER [email protected]
    COPY name.exe /bin/
    CMD ["/bin/name.exe", "input1", "output"]

but i dont want to create a dockerfile and execute the .exe inside container. please guide me on this one.

Source: Docker Questions